Friday, September 14, 2012

Who is Muhammad that is followed by more than one billion Muslims

من هو محمد الذي يتبعه أكثر من مليار مسلم

Who is Muhammad that is followed by more than one billion Muslims


هل هو عالم مبجل ومميز؟
?Is he a venerable scientist

هل هو أمير دولة محبوب؟
?Is he a popular prince

هل هو رئيس وزراء دولة مُحَـنَّـك؟
?Is he a sophisticated Prime Minister

هل هو ملك عادل؟
?Is he a fair king

:The answer is 


أعظم من كل هؤلاء جميعا 
He is greater than all of those 

إنه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم 
He is the Messenger of Allah 

محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم ذلك الشخص الذى جاء منذ أكثر من 1400 سنة 
برسالة من الله سبحانه وتعالى 
وقال أنه مكلف بنشر هذه الرسالة فى الأرض كلها غير متقيد بزمان أو مكان أو جنس أولون أوشكل 
قائلاً أن رسالته هذه آخر رسالات السماء إلى الأرض وأنه خاتم الرسل والأنبياء فلا رسول ولا نبى بعده صلى الله عليه وسلم 
Muhammad received the message from Allah 1400 years ago to call all mankind to follow the true path, no matter where or when; no matter if white or black, his message is for all. 
His message is the last and the lasting one, no messenger will come after him, he is the last Messenger.

من هو محمد؟
?Who is Muhammad

أهو ذلك الأرهابي الذى تنتقل صوره في الصحف 
أم هو الرجل العسكرى المنظم الذي إنتصر فى معظم حروبه على أعدائه. 
أم هو العبقري الذي ألف بين قلوب القبائل المتحاربة؟ 
Is he a terrorist, as said by the Western media, or is he the brave warrior who won most of his battles against the enemies of Islam, or is he the genius who resolved all cases and troubles between the tribes

إنه من حفظ حقوق الكل 
He is the one who protected our Rights

حفظ حقوق الرجال وحقوق النساء وحقوق الصغار 
He protected men’s, women’s and children rights 

حفظ علاقة الجار بجاره 
He protected the relations between neighbors 

وأسس علاقة المسلمين مع بعضهم ومع غير المسلمين
He established the relationship between Muslims and Non-Muslims

و نظم العلاقات الأسرية التي تضمن للأب وللأم حقوق كبيرة وعظيمة على أبنائهم 
He organized the relationship between the members of the family showing the duties towards the parents 

منع الظلم ودعا للعدل و المحبة والتكاتف والتعاون للخير 
He prevented injustice and called for justice, love, togetherness and cooperation for the best

دعا لمساعدة المحتاج وزيارة المريض و التناصح والمحبة 
He called for helping the needy, visiting the patients, love and exchanging advises between people. 

منع على المسلمين المعاملات السيئة مثل السرقة والغش والقتل والظلم 
He prohibited bad manners such as steeling, lying, and murdering

إنه من غير حياتنا وطباعنا السيئة إلى حسنة 
He is the one who changed our lives and manners to the best

المسلم .. لا يسرق 
A Muslim doesn’t steal 

المسلم .. لا يكذب 
A Muslim doesn’t lie 

المسلم .. لا يشرب الخمر 
A Muslim doesn’t drink alcohol. 

المسلم .. لا يزنى 
A Muslim doesn’t commit adultery 

المسلم .. لا يغش 
A Muslim doesn’t cheat 

المسلم .. لا يقتل الأبرياء 
A Muslim doesn’t kill innocent people 

المسلم .. لا يؤذي جارة 
A Muslim doesn’t harm his neighbors 

المسلم .. يبر بوالديه و يخدمهما 
A Muslim obeys his parents and helps them 

المسلم .. يعطف على الصغار وعلى النساء وعلى الضعفاء وكبار السن 
A Muslim is kind to young and elderly people, to women and to weak people. 

المسلم .. لا يعذب البشر ولا الحيوانات 
A Muslim doesn’t torture humans or even animals 

المسلم .. يرحم ويحب زوجته ويهتم و يعطف عل أبناءه حتى آخر يوم من عمره 
A Muslim loves his wife and takes care of his children and show mercy towards them until the last day of his life. 

المسلم .. لا تنتهي علاقته بأولاده بعد سن الرشد أبدا 
A Muslim’s relationship towards his children never stops even when they become adults 

إنه محمد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم 
(He is Muhammad (PBUH

هل عرفتم لماذا يحب كل المسلمون محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم؟
?(Did you know why all Muslims love Muhammad (PBUH

هل عرفتم ماذا يعنى محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم للمسلمين؟
?Did you know what does Muhammad mean for Muslims

كل مسلم يحب محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم أكثر من كل شئ 
Every Muslim loves Muhammad (peace be upon him) more than himself and more than everything in his life

Sunday, September 2, 2012



Amr E. Odeh,
Arab American University,
Jenin, Palestine


This paper aims to discuss the top-down and bottom up approach and their effectiveness, and which is better in Palestine. And it will discuss the issues of digital divide.

Through the writing of this paper found that the top-down approach is more effective in Palestine. And developments occur to those who benefit from the technology and not to those who have technology.

KEYWORDS:   digital divide, poverty alleviation, top-down approach, bottom up approach, 2012, Palestine, Amr, aauj, ICT

When we talk about the digital divide between developing and developed countries should not be a comparison only in terms of access, but must be in terms of who has the ability to use technology and the Internet, also the content is very important when we have a rich content that help us to reduce the gap between developing and developed countries. The ability to use technology is important, because through that we can gain knowledge.

We cannot consider that the technology is the main reason for the gap between the developing and developed countries. There are other reasons must be taken into account, including the low level of education and the way in which they are teaching. Education in the traditional way kills creativity and the student become not able to search for information.
And the other reason is the Arabic content on the Internet; it does not exceed 3%, according to a report by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU, 2012).

There are two effective ways can be used, top-down and bottom up approach, Top-down approach powered from the government, the government is working to customize projects according to the culture and people's need.

For example how to take advantages of the use of technology in education and in the economy and facilitate the lives of people in accomplishing their daily tasks.

Turkey's government launched Fatih project to teach Education (Khawatir, 2012) it is one of the major projects in Turkey, and Turkey is one of the most developed countries in recent years.

For bottom up approach NGOs is not a good example because it offers projects that do not fit with our culture or the reality that we live with and most of these projects stop at the end of the support. The best change from bottom up approach that there will be youth groups working to enrich the Arabic content on the Internet and other groups working to spread the culture of how to take advantage of the technology.
Bottom up approach is useful in small projects but in large projects the top-down approach is better.

Within the Palestinian context the top-down approach is more effective, because if the government can make Tawjihi two years (and this is not good) it's better for the government to change the way of traditional education and make it more effective, and that will raise the development effectively.

Developments occur to those who benefit from the technology and not to those who have technology.


 ITU, (2012) International Telecommunication Union